Quick jump index on this page
|selected abstracts from october 2001|
|830-nm irradiation increases the wound tensile strength in a diabetic murine model.||Effects of laser irradiation on the spinal cord for the regeneration of crushed peripheral nerve in rats.|
|Intravascular low-power laser irradiation after coronary stenting: long-term follow-up||The use of low intensity laser therapy (LILT) for the treatment of open wounds in psychogeriatric patients: A pilot study.|
|Efficiency of low-intensity laser radiation in essential hypertension||Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) controlled outcome of side effects caused by ionizing radiation, treated with 780 nm-diode laser - Preliminary results.|
|A new type of very low-power modulated laser:soft-tissue changes induced in osteoarthritic patients revealed by sonography||A case report of low intensity laser therapy (LILT) in the management of venous ulceration: potential effects of wound debridement upon efficacy.|
|Assessment of low-power laser biostimulation on chondral lesions: an "in vivo" experimental study.||Low power laser protects human erythrocytes In an In vitro model of artificial heart-lung machines.|
|The efficacy of the transcutaneous magnetic-laser irradiation of the blood in acute salpingo-oophoritis||Effects of low-intensity infrared impulse laser therapy on inflammation activity markers in patients with rheumatoid arthritis|
|The effect of intravenous laser irradiation of the blood on the brain bioelectrical activity in patients in the postcomatose period||Laser therapy: a randomized, controlled trial of the effects of low intensity Nd:YAG laser irradiation on lateral epicondylitis.|
|Osteochondral lesion repair of the knee in the rabbit after low-power diode Ga-Al-As laser biostimulation: an experimental study.||Low-intensity laser therapy in pediatric oncology|
|In vitro effects of low-level laser irradiation at 660 nm on peripheral blood lymphocytes.||Ultrastructure of the blood and lymphatic capillaries of the respiratory tissue during inflammation and endobronchial laser therapy.|
from II Congress of the Internat. Assn for Laser and Sports Medicne,
Rosario, Argentina, March 10-12, 2000.
|Korean Research of laser therapy|
|Laser therapy is effective for degenerative osteoarthritis||UV laser therapy effective for psoriasis|
|LOW LEVEL LASER THERAPY OF SOFT TISSUE INJURIES UPON SPORT ACTIVITIES AND TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS: A MULTICENTER, DOUBLE-BLIND, PLACEBO-CONTROLLED CLINICAL STUDY ON 132 PATIENTS.||TRATAMIENTO DE LA LESION DEL TENDON MANGUITO DE LOS ROTADORES CON LASER DE BAJA POTENCIA - ESTUDIO PROSPECTIVO|
|Laser and Sports Medicine in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.||TRATAMIENTO DE LA EPICONDILITIS LATERAL CON LASER DE BAJA POTENCIA. ESTUDIO PROSPECTIVO.|
|The Japanese Experience in Sumo Wrestling||TRATAMIENTO DE LA PARALISIS DE BELL CON LASER DE BAJA POTENCIA . ESTUDIO PROSPECTIVO|
|Biophysical methods of the control by efficiency of laser therapeutics.||TRATAMIENTO DE LA LESION DE OSGOOD - SCHLATTER CON LASER DE BAJA POTENCIA - ESTUDIO PROSPECTIVO.|
|PRINCIPLES of TREATMENT And LASER THERAPY.||EVOLUCION DE UNA QUEMADURA DE TERCER GRADO TRATADA CON LASER DE BAJA POTENCIA.|
|Treatment of the acute Periarthritis humeroscapular with laserpuncture.|
|Therapeutic laser in treatment of trophic ulcers (TU) of venous aetiology|
|Laserpharmacology and Achilles tendinopathy|
|The influence of chemical substance on the effect of Low-power Laser Therapy.|
|TREATMENT OF MEDIAL AND LATERAL EPICONDYLITIS - TENNIS AND GOLFER¨S ELBOW - WITH LOW LEVEL LASER THERAPY: A MILTICENTER, DOUBLE - BLIND, PLACEBO - CONTROLLED CLINICAL STUDY ON 324 PATIENTS.|
|PAIN RELIEF AND LASER THERAPY, THE IMPORTANCE IN SPORTS INJURIES.|
|selected abstracts from october 2001|
irradiation increases the wound tensile strength in a diabetic
murine model. Lasers in Surgery and Medicine. 2001; 28 (3):
of low intensity laser therapy (LILT) for the treatment of
open wounds in psychogeriatric patients: A pilot study. Physical
and Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics. 2000, 18/2 (1-19)
of low-intensity laser radiation in essential hypertension].
Klinicheskaia meditsina(Mosk). 2001; 79 (1): 41-44.
report of low intensity laser therapy (LILT) in the management
of venous ulceration: potential effects of wound debridement
upon efficacy. Journal of Clinical Laser Medicine & Surgery.
2000; 18 (1): 15-22
of low-power laser biostimulation on chondral lesions: an
"in vivo" experimental study. Artificial cells,
blood substitutes, amd immobilization biotechnology. 2000;28
laser protects human erythrocytes In an In vitro model of
artificial heart-lung machines. Artificial Organs. 2000; 24
of the transcutaneous magnetic-laser irradiation of the blood
in acute salpingo-oophoritis] Voprosy kurortologii, fizioterapii,
i lechebnoi fizicheskoi kultury. 2000 (1): 32-35.
low-intensity infrared impulse laser therapy on inflammation
activity markers in patients with rheumatoid arthritis]. Terapevticheskii
arkhiv. 2000; 72 (5): 32-4.
[The effect of intravenous
laser irradiation of the blood on the brain bioelectrical
activity in patients in the postcomatose period]. Vopr-Kurortol-Fizioter-Lech-Fiz-Kult;
2000; (2): 28-31.
Laser therapy: a randomized,
controlled trial of the effects of low intensity Nd:YAG laser
irradiation on lateral epicondylitis.
lesion repair of the knee in the rabbit after low-power diode
Ga-Al-As laser biostimulation: an experimental study.
[Low-intensity laser therapy in pediatric oncology]. Voprosy Onkologii; 2000, 46 (4): 459-61.
Balakirev-S-A, Gusev-L-I, Kazanova-M et al.
Application of low-intensity laser radiotherapy (LILR) allowed to cut down time needed for management of radiation injury and chemotherapy complications in pediatric patients 1.5-2-fold. It was shown that exposure to LIILR caused mononuclear (MN) levels of donors' blood to rise which in turn led to release, in higher concentrations, of IL-1 and FNO cytokins, major factors of immune response development.
In vitro effects of low-level
laser irradiation at 660 nm on peripheral blood lymphocytes.
Lasers in surgery and medicine 2000; 27 (3): 255-261.
Ultrastructure of the blood
and lymphatic capillaries of the respiratory
tissue during inflammation and endobronchial laser therapy.
Ultrastructural Pathology. 2000; 24 (3): 183-189.
|Below - Abstracts from II Congress of
the Internat. Assn for Laser and Sports Medicne,
Rosario, Argentina, March 10-12, 2000.
|Laser therapy is effective for degenerative
Stelian J, Gil I, Habot B et al. Improvement of pain and disability in elderly patients with degenerative osteoarthritis of the knee treated with narrow-band light therapy. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1992; 40: 23-26.
In an Israeli study the effect of laser therapy in degenerative osteoarthritis (DOA) of the knee was investigated in a double blind study among 50 patients. One group received infrared (GaAlAs) and one red (HeNe) laser. Only the first group could be blinded, while the latter was open. Patients were treated twice daily, 15 minutes each time, for 10 days. The patients treated themselves after instruction. Total dose for each session was 10.3 J for red and 11.1 for infrared. Continuous mode was used for 7.5 minutes, pulsed for 7.5 minutes, rationale not stated. There was a significant pain reduction in the laser groups as compared to the placebo groups. There was no significant difference between the red and the infrared group. The Disability Index Questionnaire also revealed an improvement in the laser groups. All patients in the placebo group required analgesics within two months after laser therapy while the patients in the laser group were pain free ranging from 2 months to 1 year.
LaserWorld comments: although rather old, this study has
attracted little attention, probably because the phrase "laser"
is not used in the headline, thus making it unavailable on Medline
In a study by Bonis et al, six psoriasis patients were treated with conventional ultra violet B light therapy (311 nm), five sessions per week with increased dosage each session. During this therapy a part of the skin was covered. After completing the UVB therapy the covered skin area was uncovered and irradiated with Xenon Chloride laser (308 nm). It took an average of 8.33 sessions for laser and 30.1 sessions for UVB to achieve the same therapeutic result. The total energy density of the laser was 4.81 J/cm2 and 31.3 J/cm2 for UVB. To lowered energy density and the lowered total dose means that the cumulative dose was 6.46 less in the laser therapy, thus reducing the risk for skin cancer. The laser therapy was also more cost effective.
LaserWorld comment: HeNe laser therapy would probably also be effective, and would completely remove the risk of side effects.
Se realizó un ensayo clínico prospectivo, durante el lapso de
julio de 1996 a Diciembre de 1999, en el INSTITUTO DE MEDICINA
INTEGRAL, cuyo objetivo fue evaluar la eficacia del tratamiento
con láser de baja potencia de la lesión del tendón manguitos de
los rotadores. La muestra que cumplió los criterios de inclusión,
fue conformada por 99 pacientes, que fueron distribuidos por asignación
aleatoria en 3 grupos de 33 pacientes cada uno: Grupo I: tratado
con láser HeNe 632, 8 nm en forma puntual, a través de fibra óptica,
durante 25 sesiones. Grupo II: tratado con luz roja tipo LED,
660 nm en días alternos, durante 25 sesiones y Grupo III: tratado
con medicación AINE durante el mismo lapso. Se hace una comparación
entre los tres grupos, apreciándose los excelentes resultados
en el grupo tratado con láser, frente a los pésimos resultados
en el grupo tratado con la luz LED y los regulares resultados
obtenidos en el grupo tratado con AINES. Nosotros probamos que
la láserterapia es mucho más efectiva para obtener la curación
de la lesión, y la recomendamos como tratamiento de elección,
por su inocuidad frente a la medicación. También probamos que
la luz roja LED no produce ningún efecto en los pacientes afectos
de la tendonitis en estudio.
Sumo Wrestling is the only national endorsed sport in Japan.
Professional Sumo Wrestlers belong to the Nihon Sumo Kyokai (Japan
Sumo Wrestling Association). Sumo Wrestling meets bimonthly, 6
times a year. Each Sumo sessions has 15 days where the Wrestlers
must wrestle for 15 consecutive days against 15 different opponents.
This national sport is popular and there are many Sumo Wrestling
Teams for all ages. The strongest person from these teams are
recruited to the Nihon Sumo Kyokai and become professional. Most
Sumo Wrestlers have some symptoms such a pain due to prior injuries
and their hard training. We recently had the opportunity to perform
Laser Therapy on 6 Sumo Wrestlers who were complaining of various
symptoms. We would like to explain about the removal of those
symptoms by LLLT, and how Laser therapy effected their performance.
All 6 performed better both subjectively and objectively while
their symptoms were alleviated by Laser and their winning rate
increased following treatment. We will discuss major and common
injuries associated with Sumo Wrestling and the treatment thereof.
We would like to comment on treatment methodology and statistical
TRATAMIENTO DE LA EPICONDILITIS LATERAL CON LASER DE BAJA POTENCIA. ESTUDIO PROSPECTIVO. Luis E. PAOLINI-PISANI*; Doris E. PAOLINI* Y Juan T. GONZALES ** *INSTITUTO DE MEDICINA INTEGRAL, San Cristóbal, Venezuela. ** Departamento de Bioquímica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de los Andes, Mérida, Venezuela.
La epicondilitis lateral, es una patología muy frecuente en deportistas y trabajadores que utilizan constantemente la conjugación antebrazo-codo. Los Jugadores de tenis (de allí el nombre: codo de tenista) y las armas de casa son algunos ejemplos. En el presente trabajo, nosotros presentamos estadísticas que prueban que la radiación láser de baja potencia, aplicada en la región afectada, disminuye el dolor, la impotencia funcional y el edema relacionados con la entidad patológica. Se seleccionaron 80 pacientes que acudieron a consulta al Instituto de Medicina Integral entre el 1º de Enero de 1997 y el 1º de Enero de 1999 y que cumplieron los criterios de selección (dolor, impotencia funcional y edema). La muestra fue dividida en dos grupos: El primero, fue tratado con piroxican per os. MID, y aplicación tópica en el gel BID. El segundo grupo fue sometido a tratamiento con láser de baja potencia, IR a diodo de AsGa, 904 nm; aplicado puntualmente sobre la zona afectada (epicóndilo), a una dosis de 12 Jules/cm2 en 20 sesiones en días alternos. A todos los pacientes se le colocó un soporte durante el día. Ambos grupos fueron evaluados semanalmente durante el tratamiento chequeándose cada uno de los criterios de inclusión. Al concluir el tratamiento, se evaluaron los resultados de los tres parámetros de inclusión. Se demuestra que la aplicación de láser de baja potencia, es mucho más efectiva que los métodos convencionales, para obtener la mejoría del problema, al punto que recomendamos este tratamiento como el tratamiento de elección, con la finalidad de obtener los mejores resultados.
Flap survival with diode laser therapy: Skin flap or graft surgery are major procedures in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Skin flap necrosis has been a problem for us. The author reported on the enhanced blood flow following the low reactive laser therapy in skin flaps. The 830 nm diode laser (20 - 60 mw) irradiated flaps showed a greater perfusion, a greater number of blood vessels, and a higher rate of survival areas than the control flaps in the rat models and clinical cases. Improve of wound healing with diode laser therapy: The diode laser therapy was indicated for traumatic skin ulcers received from sport activities and traffic accidents which had proved resistant to conservative treatment. The diode laser system has a wavelength of 830 nm. And output power of 150or 1000mw in continuous wave. The diode laser was applied with the non-contact method to the area on the wound for one minute once a day every day during the treatment period. The diode laser was used successfully for the rapid enhanced healing of traumatic skin ulcers in clinical cases. Pain attenuation of the temporomandibular joint with diode laser therapy:
Laser therapy has been applied for temporomandibular joint pain
which follows as a result of mal-occlusion, mandibular contusions
or mandibular fracture. The diode laser was applied with contact
method to the area of around a temporomandibular joint, especially,
tender points with pressure for 1 minute to 5 minutes (5 sec.
To 15 sec./one point). The pain decreased after one or two treatments.
The patients had goods results. Treatment of traumatic tattoos
with Q-switched Nd:YAG laser: For many years, the treatment of
traumatic tattoos during outdoor sports or traffic accidents has
presented a major set of problems to plastic surgeons. I would
like to introduce treatment of the traumatic tattoos with Q-switched
Nd:YAG laser (wavelengths 1064 nm. Energy density 4 to 6 J/cm).
All patients were successfully treated with no scarring and no
LOW LEVEL LASER THERAPY OF SOFT TISSUE INJURIES UPON SPORT ACTIVITIES AND TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS: A MULTICENTER, DOUBLE-BLIND, PLACEBO-CONTROLLED CLINICAL STUDY ON 132 PATIENTS. Zlatko Simunovic, M.D., F.M.H. (1), Tatjana Trobonjaca, M.D. (2) (1) Pain Clinic-Laser Center, Locarno, Switzerland; (2) 2 Laser Center, Opatija, Croatia. (3)
The aim of current multicenter clinical study was to assess to efficacy of Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) in the treatment of sport- and traffic-related soft tissue injuries compared to the placebo and classical physiotherapeutic procedures. This study was conduct in two centers located in Locarno, Switzerland (n=94) and Opatija, Croatia (n=38). Two types of irradiation techniques were used: (1) direct, skin contact technique for treatment of Trigger Points (TPs) where infrared diode laser (GaAIAs) 830 nm continuous wave was applied; and (2) scanning technique for irradiation of larger surface area with use of Helium Neon (HeNe) laser 632.8 nm combined with infrared diode laser 904 nm pulsed wave. Control group of patients was treated with classical physiotherapeutic procedures. Results were evaluated according to the clinical parameters like: hematoma, edema, heat, pain and loss of function. All findings were scored and statistically analyzed according to the chi-square test. The results have demonstrated that the recovery process was accelerated (35-50%) in 85% of patients treated with LLLT compared to the control group of patients, what is specially important by professional athletes. The advantages of LLLT observed in this study appear to be efficient withdrawal of all clinical symptoms, functional recovery, no risks or side effects, painlessness, good toleration by any age and sex, cost benefit, etc. The results and advantages obtained proved once again the efficacy of LLLT as new as successful way in the treatment of soft tissue injuries.
La parálisis de Bell es una entidad de inicio súbito y causa
desconocida, que obedece a lesión del nervio facial en su transcurrir
a través del hueso temporal. El tratamiento del láser con baja
potencia tiende a producir resolución de éste tipo de lesión en
un período entre una y dos semanas, siempre y cuando el tratamiento
se inicie al comienzo del cuadro clínico. En este estudio, nosotros
proponemos el uso del láser da baja potencia, y diseñamos un protocolo
de tratamiento para ésta lesión. 40 pacientes con diagnóstico
de Parálisis de Bell fueron divididos en dos grupos de 20 pacientes
cada uno. El primer grupo fue tratado con láser infrarrojo a diodo,
904 nm en forma puntual, seguido de un barrido con una mezcla
de láser infrarrojo y láser HeNe, en sesiones diarias de Lunes
a Viernes durante las primeras tres semanas (15 sesiones) y luego
en días alternos, hasta completar 30 sesiones. Los otros 20 pacientes
(grupo control) fueron tratados con prednisona a dosis de 60 mg./día
per os junto a estimulación farádica del nervio. Demostramos que
la terapia con láser de baja potencia es mucho más efectiva que
la terapia convencional.
The fact of existence of liquid Crystals in bioliguids in organism and their ability to structuring are known. In our clinic we studied the morphology L. C. In BL of organism. We established observed Structures in polarizing microscope are changed in rehabilitation process. During pathological process and peak of the disease the great number of various kinds LC structures are revealed in biomedium. Their number is decreasing during the treatment. Massive dendrites are changed by thin crystal structures, big spheroliths disappear. In combinations with clinical refractometric and photometrical data structure analysis of BL gives the possibility to differentiate the standard and the pathology, to estimate the heaviness of patient condition, dynamics of pathological process, to control the effectiveness of treating measures. We established LC are susceptible to low intensive laser irradiation (LILI). Have been revealed, that structures of bioliguids change LC picture with the LILI influence, and LILI exerts not only local but generalized influence upon organism (alteration of bioliguids theory).
On the base of biophysical parameters, the refraction index,
determined refractometrically, the new method of determining of
individual sensibility of organism to LILI was worked out. Also
the method photometry in polarized light was suggested. It gives
the possibility to determine in quantitative the expression part
of crystal and LC phase in specimen. Good clinical result is achieved
by low power of irradiation and optimal time of influence. Methods
were approved in clinic in 17647 patients. All these patients
were suffering with purulent diseases of soft tissues and with
various abdominal pathology. Effectiveness was confirmed on practice
in treatment of therapeutic, pulmonologic, dermatologic patients.
This diagnostic, prognostic and statistic value proved.
In 1988 we have begun researches on usage of a laser therapy for ill with different diseases. Now we possess experience of treatment more than 700 patients with different diseases a crab of different localization, bronchial asthma, autoinmune thyroiditis, different acute and chronic diseases, peptic ulcer, etc. By main problem for any specialist as soon as possible to cure ill. It is reached by usage of the most effective method of treatment or speed key of several different methods of therapy. But at usage of this or that method of treatment the doctor should know following:
Any organism can exist only at full synchronnizations of activity all of his (its) tissues and systems. The regulation of habitability by processing of many different stimulus´s, which one, locally affecting on those or diverse receptors and cages, call (cause) local reacting of tissues. The central nervous system processes (treats) the obtained information, causes (urges) an organism to react to the given stimulus in appropriate way. Therefore basis (fundamentals) of habitability of any organism the adequate answer to local reacting of his (its) cages called what or stimulus. Thus, the local reacting are dominating in composite, all-level hierarchy of an organism. The degree of reacting depends from as on a reactivity of an organism, and from force of a stimulus. The reliability of any system is encompass bayed of reliability of its (her) automatic control. In a CNS, the self -sustained oscillations adjusting a homeostasis, implement a hypothalamus, which one is center of federating of vegetative department of a nervous system and endocrine systems of the main (basic) executive links adjusting influencing a CNS on internal environment of an organism. On endocrine a system the hypothalamus exerts influence through a pituitary body. Thus, hypothalamus-hypophyses the system executes automatic control neurohymoral and hormonal processes, which one counter to the permanently varied factors not only internal, but also environment. This self regulation will be realized in the complex (integrated) answer of the gland of an internal secretion and inmunocompetent bodies (organs), which one cause (urge) an organism to react to any stimulus.
The forces of reaction of an organism are piled from a basic (initial) reactivity of an organism and force of an external stimulus, transferring (translating) it (him) in operational mode, optimal for maintenance of a homeostasis, at complex (integrated) effect of all stimulus´s, both external, and internal.
The basic (initial) reactivity is adjusted (regulated) at the expense of a feedback of all these bodies (organs) and system with a CNS, i.e. permanently there is a self regulation of an organism. The advantage of a laser therapy is encompass bayed volume, that with its (her) help it is possible to affect different bodies (organs) and tissues of and organism, calling (causing) indispensable reacting of these tissues and bodies (organs) and if necessary it is possible to receive the greatest effect in indispensable period. All this allows to use a laser therapy in sporting medicine for the following purposes:
The periarthritis humeroscapular is a syndrome that contains very precise affections: the bursitis, the calcified tendinitis of supraespinoso, the bicipital tendinitis, among others. Pain and limitation of the joint movements of the shoulder characterize it. The treatment with laser of low power can produce resolution of the lesion, whenever it is made in early phases of the disease. In this study we propose the use of the laserpuncture, due to our accumulated experience in the treatment of these affection in acute phase, with acupuncture. A prospective study was carried out during 2 years (1997 - 1999), where 62 patients were selected because they accomplished the Approaches of Inclusion for the study. The sample was divided by aleatory assignment in 2 Groups of Treatment. Th study Group I was treated with laserpuncture, using Cuban laser equipment of HeNe of 632,8 nm and a dose of joule/cm2 was applied, and the Control Group II was treated with acupuncture needles. The conventional medical treatment was suspended. Daily sessions were given from Monday to Friday, for two weeks, until a total of 10. Both techniques demonstrated to be effective in the treatment of these affections, improving the clinical and radiological symptoms significantly when the treatment sessions was concluded. The patients accepted the laserpuncture better because of its painless character, less time of application, and the absence of bleeding and stress.
The venous system pathology of low extremities is revealed in 15-20 per cent of adult population of Russia. 2 per cent of work age have got TU of venous aetiology.
The variety of medicine, using in traditional conservative treatment of TU of low extremities has not led to common method, preventing recurrence of the disease. The main direction of this treatment of TU is surgical correction of destructive venous blood flow with combination ofsclerotherapy and compress therapy. One of methods is laser treatment. Using of low intensive irradiation (LII) for this category of patients has given the possibility to improve the results of therapy. Side by side with known theories of LII influence of trauma process, we connect them with biophysical mechanism of laser irradiation influencing on liguidcrystal structures of bioliguid of organism and with structure alteration of tissues.
Laserpharmacology and Achilles
Among the other treatment modalities of medial and lateral epicondylitis, Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) has been promoted as highly successful method. The aim of this clinical study was to determine the efficacy of LLLT on medial and lateral epicondylitis using Trigger Points (TPs) and scanning application technique under placebo - controlled conditions in two independent Laser Centers located at Locarno, Switzerland and Opatija, Croatia. Unilateral cases of either type of epicondylitis (n=283) were randomly allocated to one of three treatment groups according to the LLLT technique applied: (1) TPs; (2) scanning; (3) combination of TPs and scanning. Bilateral cases of either type of epicondylitis (n=41) were subject to crossover, placebo-controlled conditions. Laser devices used in all groups of patients were infrared diode laser (GaAlAs) 830 nm continuous wave for treatment of TPs and HeNe 632,8 nm combined with infrared diode laser 904 nm. Puled wave for scanning technique. Treatment outcom was observed and measured according to the following methods: (1) short form McGill's Pain Questionnaire; (2) Visual Analogue Scales; (3) Verbal Rating Scales; (4) Patient's pain diary; and (5) hand dynamometer. The result have demonstrated that total relief of pain with consequently improved functional ability was achieved in 82% of chronic cases all of which were treated by combination of TPs and scanning technique. The current clinical study provides further evidence of the efficacy of LLLT in the management of lateral and medial epicondylitis.
The patho-physiological effects of acute injury and trauma to
the musculo-skeletal system are described with emphasis on both
macroscopic and microscopic changes. The process of healing and
the various conventional treatment modalities are enumerated.
Se presenta una serie fotográfica d la evolución
de un caso de quemadura de tercer grado en un niño de cuatro
años, tratado únicamente con láser de baja
potencia (mezcla de Láser IR a diodo AsGa 904 nm y Láser
HeNe 632,8 nm) en forma de scanner.
|Abstracts from 2001||Abstracts from 2000 June||Abstracts
|Read the abstracts of the Laser Therapy Millennium edition:|
|New reports will be added every months. If you have published a scientific report recently or have it in the pipeline, why not make a personal abstract and mail it to us? SLMS (Swedish Laser-Medical Society) has 1500 lllt - laser therapy studies in its library, but we certainly dont have everything.|
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